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What is Stephen Hawking Biography PDF About
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018), was a world-renowned British physicist, cosmologist, author, and research director of the Center for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. He has contributed a lot. Stephen Hawking’s life was full of difficulties from the beginning, but still, he fulfilled his dream of becoming a scientist and made countless contributions in the field of science. Due to his contribution many such things were discovered which hardly anyone had imagined before.
Stephen Hawking – Birth
Stephen Hawking was born in the year 1942 in the country of England. At the time Hawking was born, World War II was going on in the world. Stephen Hawking’s mother and father’s house was in North London. But due to this war, he had to change his house and started living in a safe place in London.
Stephen’s father worked as a medical researcher, whose name was Frank. At the same time, his mother’s name was Isobel and she worked as a secretary at the Medical Research Institute. Hawking’s parents met while working at the Institute of Medical Research. After this, he got married and had a total of four children. Whose names were Stephen, Philippa, Mary, and Edward? Edward was their adopted son.
Stephen Hawking – Education
When Stephen was eight years old, his family moved to St. Alban’s, and Stephen was enrolled in a school here. After completing his schooling, Stephen enrolled in Oxford University and where he studied Physics. At the time when he had enrolled in this university, he was only 17 years old at that time.
It is said that Stephen was interested in mathematics and wanted to pursue his studies in this subject. But at that time this subject was not available at Oxford University. Because of this, he had to choose the subject of physics.
After obtaining a first-class degree in Physics, he did his further studies at Cambridge University. In the year 1962, he did research on cosmology at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge.
Stephen Hawking – Career
Even after completing his studies at Cambridge, Hawking remained associated with this college and worked here as a researcher. He served as an assistant researcher at DAMTP in the year 1972 and during this time he wrote his first academic book, ‘The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time’. After working here for some time, he was included in the Royal Society (Fellowship) in the year 1974.
After this, he also worked as Gravitational Physics Reader in DAMTP in the year 1975 and also served here as a Professor of Gravitational Physics in the year 1977. Whereas, in view of his work, in the year 1979, he was appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, which is the most famous academy post in the world and he worked in this post till the year 2006.
Awards and Achievements
Professor Stephen Hawking has a total of thirteen (13) honorary degrees. At the same time, he has also been given many awards for his contribution and the information about the awards given to him so far is given below.
- In 1966, Stephen Hawking was given the Adams Prize. After this award, he received the Eddington Medal in the year 1975 and the Maxwell Medal and Prize in the year 1976.
- Heineman Prize was given to Hawking in the year 1976. After receiving this award, he was awarded another award in the year 1978 and the name of this award was Albert Einstein Medal.
- Hawking was also awarded the RAS Gold Medal in 1985 and the Dirac Medal of the Institute of Physics in 1987. After this, in 1988, this great scientist was also given the Wolf Prize.
- Hawking also won the Prince of Asturias Award in the year 1989. This
- Shortly after receiving the award, he received the Andrew Gement Award (1998), Naylor
- Award and Lectureship (1999) was also given.
- The next award he received in the year 1999 was named Lilienfeld Prize and he was also given the Albert Medal in the same year by the Royal Society of Art.
- Apart from the above-mentioned awards, he has also been given Copley Medal (2006), Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009), Fundamental Physics Prize (2012), and BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015).
Health deteriorated in the year 1963
Stephen Hawking was living his life like ordinary people, but in the year 1963, his health started deteriorating. Seeing Stephen’s deteriorating condition at the age of 21, his father took him to the hospital where he was examined and it was found that Stephen had a disease called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Due to this disease, the parts of the body gradually stop functioning and there is no cure for this disease.
At the time when Stephen was diagnosed with this disease, at that time he was doing his studies from Cambridge University. But he did not let his illness come in between his dreams. Despite being ill, he completed his studies and in the year 1965 he obtained his PhD degree. The title of his thesis in PhD was ‘Properties of Expanding Universe’.